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大型嘛呢石經堆與觀音壇城部落化——以18世紀以來北部康區為中心

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摘要:

通過對以嘉那嘛呢為主線的北部康區大型嘛呢石經堆超常規模發展歷史成因、文化理念以及社會機制的考察,本文確認了18世紀以來該區域出現的大型嘛呢石經堆興建熱潮的文化實質,在于以“再造觀音壇城”表征部落首領權力,是源自印度、以佛教作為治國意識形態的不空羂索觀音佛王傳統在北部康區的本地化。地方首領們雖采納了五世達賴喇嘛弘傳觀音信仰和建造布達拉宮等實踐形式,但并非接納了其“僧王”合法性在邊地的延伸,反而將觀音化身的象征整合于既有的家族式政教雙首領的權力結構,衍化出“千(百)戶+觀音法王”的治理形式,實現了部落家族式首領權力的內部更新。而以觀音為表征的衛藏僧權和邊地部落首領權力,共同構筑了18世紀以后觀音密宗王統藏地化的高潮。關鍵詞:觀音壇城 大型嘛呢石經堆 部落化 北部康區 藏傳佛教



作者: 王媛
作者單位:
期刊: 民族研究
年.(期):頁碼 2018.(5):0-0
中圖分類號:
文章編號:
關鍵詞:

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