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《元朝秘史》中兩則諺語與相關史料的可靠性問題

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摘要:

本文討論的《元朝秘史》所記第一條諺語,見于該書第85節記鐵木真幼年在逃避泰赤兀人追殺時,鎖兒罕失剌兩子間一段以草木尚且蔽護遭鷹鶻追捕的雀鳥為喻,力主救鐵木真之敘事。此比喻亦見于波斯史家志費尼《世界征服者史》中,有關諸王闊端拒絕向脫列哥那監國皇后交出大臣鎮海與牙剌瓦赤的回復,以及元人閻復《句容郡王紀績碑》記載的欽察王族不同意將收留的篾兒乞殘部交給成吉思汗時所舉理由中。第二條有關憑借觀察少年眼神靈活程度,來判斷其未來成長的蒙古諺語,除在《秘史》中兩見外,亦見于畏兀兒名臣孟速思與漢人劉哈剌八都魯的家傳資料。本文通過對這兩條蒙古諺語的分析,證明《句容郡王紀績碑》所記欽察王族淪為成吉思汗家族牧奴的過程,志費尼所述闊端拒絕向脫列哥那皇后交出鎮海與牙剌瓦赤之事,與孟速思與劉哈剌八都魯家傳資料中保存的他們初見成吉思汗與忽必烈時的情節,均是相當可靠的歷史記錄。



作者: 劉迎勝
作者單位: 南京大學民族與邊疆研究中心/元史研究室
期刊: 民族研究
年.(期):頁碼 2015.(5):0-0
中圖分類號:
文章編號:
關鍵詞: 蒙古諺語〓《元朝秘史》〓《世界征服者史》〓欽察〓孟速思〓哈剌八都魯

歡迎閱讀《民族研究》!您是該文第1705位讀者!

 
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